Pitch Artifact

The smaller of these characteristic bird-form figures was next to and vertically beneath the larger one, facing in the same direction, at a depth of roughly 20 cm.  These have a hard leather-like texture, but are apparently composed of bituminous pitch, geologically very much out of natural context.  They were among the very first artifacts discovered at the site in 1987, along with simple bifacially edged hand axes, a scraper, and a tool preform.  Within the folds of the larger piece was a hair about a centimeter in length, determined by microscopic examination to be probably human (imbricate scale pattern).